Yoga airy fairy?!
When you think of yoga what images come to mind? Your association might be skinny men with beards who hop around in a lotus position…or airy fairy women in wide dresses chanting mantra’s. Well…you might be ‘disappointed’ to hear that yoga is more popular than ever! In a lot of cities you will find a yogastudio on almost every streetcorner, the magazines write about yoga, atlethes and football players practice yoga and more and more companies offer yoga classes for their employees as part of health programs. That yoga is increasing in popularity has everything to do with today’s society. We thrive on performance, competition and perfection which leads to an increase in stress and a lack of inner balance. Yoga can help to find this inner balance.
The science of yoga originated in India thousands of years ago. The word yoga, from the Sanskrit word yuj means to yoke or bind and is often interpreted as ‘union’ or a method of discipline. The Indian sage Patanjali is believed to have collated the practice of yoga into the Yoga Sutras an estimated 2000 years ago. The Sutras is a collection of statements that serves as a philosophical guidebook for most of the yoga that is practiced today. It outlines 8 limbs of yoga: the yamas (restraints), niyamas (observances), asana (postures), pranayama (breathing), pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), dharana (concentration), dhyani (meditation) and samadhi (absorption). As we explore these 8 limbs, we begin by refining our behavior in the outer world and then we focus inwardly until we reach samadhi (liberation, enlightenment).
Today most people practicing yoga are engaged in the 3d limb ‘asana’ which is a program of physical postures designed to purify the body and provide the physical strength required for long periods of meditation. Over the last 100 years the ‘asana’ practice has been developed in accessible yogastyles for the western people and lost its reputation of being airy fairy.
Through the practice of yoga we work on a flexible and strong body. But unlike stretching or fitness yoga is more than physical postures. We connect the movement of the body and the fluctuations of the mind to the rhythm of our breath. Connecting the mind, body and breath helps us to direct our attention inward. Through this process of inward attention we learn to recognize our habitual thought patterns. We become more aware of our experiences from moment to moment. The awareness that we cultivate is what makes yoga a practice, rather than a task or a goal to be completed. Your body will most likely become more flexible by doing yoga and so will your mind.
Hatha yoga refers to a set of physical exercises, known as asanas, and sequences of asanas designed to align your physical body. The asanas are also designed to open the may channels of the body so that energy can flow freely.
Hatha is also translated as ‘ha’ meaning sun and ‘tha’ meaning moon. This refers to the balance of masculine aspects (active, hot, sun) and feminine aspects (receptive, cool, moon) within all of us. Hatha yoga is a path toward creating balance and uniting opposites. In our physical bodies we develop a balance of strength and flexibility. We also learn to balance our effort and surrender in each pose.
Hatha yoga is a powerful tool for self-transformation. It asks us to bring our attention to our breath which helps us to still the fluctuations of the mind and be more present in the unfolding of each moment.
Many people think that they need to be flexible to start yoga but that’s a little like saying you are too dirty to take a bath. Come as you are and you will find that yoga will help you become more flexible!
The benefits of yoga are:
– flexibility and strength
– a healthy body posture
– prevention of back pain and neck and shoulder issues
– breath and body awareness
– physical confidence
– enhanced cardiovascular health
– a peaceful mind
– overall well-being
Yoga is about practicing and experiencing, about challenging yourself and stepping out of your comfort zone. Yoga is about your personal experience without comparing yourself with others. Yoga is a lot of pleasure and fun too! To really discover what yoga is…you need to practice it!
Vinyasa or Flow yoga is a style of Hatha yoga. Vinyasa means ‘flow’ or ‘breath synchronized movement’. It is a powerful and dynamic style of Hatha yoga based on a creative, fluid and physically challenging sequence of postures. Vinyasa yoga includes sun salutations, ujjayi pranayama (breathing method used during the flow of asanas), bandhas (constrictions of specific muscles and organs to contain energy) and drishti (gaze).